Medically Refractory Headache: Treatment with Peripheral Neurostimulation (PNS)
Numerous clinical research studies have shown that neurostimulation can be used to reduce headache pain. This paper summarizes previous research by stating that peripheral neurostimulation (PNS) seems to be safe, effective and well tolerated. The paper also clarifies approaches through which neurostimulation may have a positive effect. For example, applying neurostimulation to both the occipital and trigeminal nerve systems has been reported to have a success rate above 90% for individuals with intractable head-wide pain. Patients with pain in the rear of the head, treated with occipital neurostimulation, average an improvement of 88%. The paper further explains ideal PNS candidate traits, and potential minor complications.